Opticians Who Work Side By Side with Doctors Need To Know the Human Body Systems05/08/2021
Opticians who work along side Ophthalmologists to obtain medical histories need to understand why all this medical history is needed. Opticians don’t diagnose but knowing why it’s necessary to understand the purpose of obtaining medical history is vital. The purpose of obtaining all of this is for the doctor to be aware of any diseases, abnormalities, medical conditions associated with the patient prior to prescribing eyewear and proceeding with ocular surgery.
In a setting such as this, Opticians are performing dual duty, being the optician and also functioning as an Opthalmic Assistant. For example, an Ophthalmologist may be scheduling a cataract surgery, and it is important to know the medical condition of the patient and medications. It’s not uncommon, so here are list of human body systems at a quick glance below:
- Muscular/ Skeletal – This system describes the bones and muscles. When taking the patients health history, note any issues such as arthritis, inflammation, fibromyalgia, amputations/broken limbs, and the list goes on and on. From there, it is important that you obtain any and all meds associated with the condition.
- Cardio/Circulatory – Heart issues are a must to document. Why? Minor and major surgeries as well as treatment for an ocular problem cannot interfere or exacerbate an issue of the heart. For instance, pace makers, heart murmurs, prior surgeries such as open heart, chest pain etc. All of these things are a must to document because for certain heart patients, prior conditions must be met before any type of ocular surgical procedure can be started.
- **Psychiatric– this is not the same as neuro and not an actual system as it deals with a patients state of mind instead of the brain itself, but it is crucial that it is documented prior to the examination any and all mental issues with patients so the physician can adjust accordingly.
I won’t go into detail with examples about the others as this was just a short example as to why noting patient history
in these areas is important but they are listed. It also is a grave matter if in fact a malpractice lawsuit is on the horizon. Documentation is key to success with a patient legally and for future health.
Here is a simple list of the systems below:
Urinary System- Bladder, Kidneys
Muscular System- muscles
Nervous system- brain, spinal and nerves
Digestive System – esophagus, mouth, stomach, intestines
Reproductive System- reproductive organs
Endocrine System – glands
Respiratory System – lungs, nose, trachea
Excretory System – kidneys, intestine, bladder
Endocrine System- glands