Patient History: Human Body Systems Importance In Eye Examinations

by admin on 05/02/2010

One of the most important studies of the human body is knowing the bodies main systems and how each operates.  In less of an Optician’s field but more in the field of Ophthalmology, this type of system knowledge is used to assist in the treatment of a patient, helping the physician to identify preexisting conditions that could be the cause of an existing eye or vision problem.

For example, arthritis is fairly common in those with dry eye pain and those with higher cholesterol levels could in fact develop a white, opaque ring around their iris which is called arcus senilis.  Therefore, with all this being known, when collecting the patient history prior to the examination, know the systems of the body and what is to be notated.


Human Body Systems In Regards To Patient Care

Muscular/ Skeletal – This system describes the bones and muscles.  When taking the patients health history, note any issues such as arthritis, inflammation, fibromyalgia, amputations/broken limbs, and the list goes on and on.  From there, it is important that you obtain any and all meds associated with the condition.

Cardio/Circulatory – Heart issues are a must to document.  Why?  Minor and major surgeries as well as treatment for an ocular problem cannot interfere or exacerbate an issue of the heart.  For instance, pace makers, heart murmurs, prior surgeries such as open heart, chest pain etc.  All of these things are a must to document because for certain heart patients, prior conditions must be met before any type of ocular surgical procedure can be started.

**Psychiatric- this is not the same as neuro and not an actual system as it deals with a patients state of mind instead of the brain itself, but it is crucial that it is documented prior to the examination any and all mental issues with patients so the physician can adjust accordingly.

I won’t go into detail with examples about the others as this was just a short example as to why noting patient history

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in these areas is important but they are listed.  It also is a grave matter if in fact a malpractice lawsuit is on the horizon.  Documentation is key to success with a patient legally and for future health.

Here is a simple list of the systems below:

Circulatory System – blood, vessels, heart

Urinary System- Bladder, Kidneys

Muscular System- muscles

Skeletal System-bones

Nervous system- brain, spinal and nerves

Digestive System – esophagus, mouth, stomach, intestines

Reproductive System- reproductive organs

Endocrine System – glands

Respiratory System – lungs, nose, trachea

Excretory System – kidneys, intestine, bladder

Endocrine System- glands

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