What Exactly Is a FUNDUS EXAM?

by admin on 14/12/2016

Many Opticians haven’t the slightest idea what the fundus is or what is actually examined in the Fundus Exam, or Dilated Fundus Exam.  It’s certainly not something that is common to see on the ABOC State Board as it deals with what the Optometrist or Ophthalmologist mostly does in his or her office. Some Opticians have never worked directly with a doctor and are strictly retail, therefore, we will get into what exactly this examination entails.

The FUNDUS is the part of back, inner part of the eye which includes the retina, macula, optic disc, fovea and posterior pole. In order to examine these areas carefully, a patient must be fully dilated with appropriate dilating eye drops administered by either the doctor or his assistant. After a few minutes, the pupil will be fully dilated, and the examination can occur, allowing the doctor to study the back of the eye.
This is called the FUNDUS EXAM.

Detection of a wide variety of ocular issues can be found using this method of examination such as Diabetic Retinopathy, Age Related Macular Degeneration, hemorrhaging, and even sexually transmitted diseases.

There is now even newer technology that can assist the doctor in examining the fundus without dilation, and this method is through the use of an Optomap.  Although dilation is the best method as it can potentially give the Ophthalmologist a wider scope of the fundus, the Optomap gives a fairly great view of approximately 80 percent and can also be used to diagnose patients with diseases, such as the ones stated above, to which they would have been oblivious.  Another benefit to doctors using this method of fundus examination is that it is quick and less evasive than using eyedrops.

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